- Division: Magnoliophyta
- Class: Magnoliopsida
- Sub-Class: Rosidae
- Order: Sapindales
- Family: Anacardiaceae
- Genus: Mangifera
- Species: indica
- Scientific Name: Mangifera indica L.
Mango, “the apple of the tropics” and “the king of the fruits” ,” is a tropical Asian evergreen tree and most popular tropical fruits in the world, cultivated for its edible fruit, belonging to the genus Mangifera, consisting of about 30 or 35 species of tropical fruiting trees in the flowering plant family Anacardiaceae (cashew and poison ivy family), which is a family of mainly tropical species.
The name mango itself comes from the Dravidian word mânkây : mân, mango tree + kây, meaning fruit. Other sources says, mango is derived from Tamil word mangaai. Its weight ranges from 100 gm to around 750 gm. Its outer skin is smooth and is green when unripe but turns to golden yellow when ripen. Mango fruits are usually eaten ripe, when they are soft and sweet, while others prefer to eat them unripe with a sour taste. The mango is a nutritional fruit, containing valuable vitamins, minerals, enzymes, and antioxidants.
Today, the mango is widely cultivated as a fruit tree in frost-free tropical and subtropical climates throughout the Philippines, India, North America, Central America, South America, the Caribbean, South and Central Africa, and Australia.